The purpose of an Emergency Action Plan (EAP) is to facilitate and organize employee, student and patron actions during an emergency. The elements of the plan should include, but are not limited to:

• Evacuation procedures and emergency escape route assignments
• Procedures to be followed by employees who remain to operate critical plant operations before they evacuate
• Procedures to account for all employees after an emergency evacuation has been completed
• Rescue and medical duties for those employees who are to perform them
• Means of reporting fires and other emergencies
• Names or job titles of persons who can be contacted for further information or explanation of duties under the plan

Routes and Exits / Refer to Posters throughout the facility

The posters include locations of exits, assembly points, and equipment (fire extinguishers and first aid kits that may be needed in an emergency). Exit routes should be:

• Clearly marked and well lit
• Wide enough to accommodate the number of evacuating personnel
• Unobstructed and clear of debris at all times
• Unlikely to expose evacuating personnel to additional hazards

Employee Responsibilities

What actions should employees know before an emergency occurs?

• Be familiar with the work site's emergency evacuation plan
• Keep noise to a minimum so you can hear emergency instructions
• Know the pathway to at least two alternative exits from every room/area at the workplace
• Recognize the sound/ announcement signaling method of the fire/ evacuation alarms
• Know who to contact in an emergency and how to contact them
• Know how many desks or cubicles are between your workstation and two of the nearest exits so you can escape in the
dark if necessary
• Know where the fire/evacuation alarms are located and how to use them
• Report damaged or malfunction safety systems and back-up systems

What should employees do in an emergency?

• Leave the area quickly but in an orderly manner, following the work site's emergency evacuation plan and postings; go
directly to the nearest fire-free and smoke-free exit recognizing that in some circumstances the only available exit route
may contain limited amounts of smoke or fire
• If possible, assist small children that may be separated from their guardian
• Listen carefully for instructions over the building's public address system
• Crawl low, under the smoke to breathe cleaner air if there is a fire; test doors for heat before opening them by placing the
back of your hand against the door so you do not burn your palm and fingers; do not open a hot door, but find another exit
route; keep "fire doors" closed to slow the spread of smoke and fire
• Report to the designated meeting place
• Do not re-enter the building until directed by authorities

Accounting for Students and Employees after an Evacuation

To ensure the fastest, most accurate accountability of our employees, students and patrons

• Designate assembly areas where employees should gather after evacuating.
• Take a head count after the evacuation. Identify the names and last known locations of anyone not accounted for and pass
them to the official in charge.
• Establish a method for accounting for non-employees such as suppliers and OSBC patrons.
• Establish procedures for further evacuation in case the incident expands. This may consist of sending students and employees
home for their personal safety.

Student and Employee Fire and Life Safety

Developing a Preparedness Plan and Conducting Emergency Evacuation Drills

What Constitutes a Fire Emergency?

• A building fire evacuation alarm is sounding
• An uncontrolled fire or imminent fire hazard occurs in any building or area of the school
• There is the presence of smoke, or the odor of smoke or electrical fire
• There is spontaneous or abnormal heating of any material, an uncontrolled release of combustible or toxic gas or other material,
or a flammable liquid spill

Severe Weather/Tornado

Before inclement weather, plan ahead:

Thinking and planning ahead can significantly reduce dangers of a tornado. It is important that those in your department discuss and develop a tornado emergency plan for your area.

• Take notice of the environment, building, and rooms where you spend much of your time
• Identify the best areas to take protective cover during a tornado as well as the possible exits from the building
• Have a flashlight, a battery powered radio and spare batteries in case the power is off
• Have a first aid kit available. Know who in your department is certified in First Aid and CPR

Tornado Watch (Definition)

Tornadoes are possible. Remain alert for approaching storms. Watch the sky and stay tuned to NOAA Weather Radio, commercial radio, or television for information.

Tornado Warning (Definition)

A tornado has been sighted or indicated by weather radar. Take shelter immediately. Be alert to changing weather conditions. Listen to local radio or to commercial radio or television newscasts for the latest information.

Danger Signs

• Dark, often greenish sky
• Large hail
• A large, dark, low-lying (particularly if rotating)
• Loud roar, similar to a freight train

If you are under a tornado WARNING, Know what to do


• Go to a pre-designated shelter safe zone area,
• Stay away from corners, windows, doors, and outside walls
• Put as many walls as possible between you and the outside
• Use your arms to protect your head and neck

Reporting a fire

• Activate the building fire alarm in buildings equipped with a manual fire alarm system
• Call 911
• Building shall be immediately and totally evacuated whenever the Administrative office announces an emergency
• If safe to do so, shut off all machinery and equipment in the area
• Meet emergency personnel at the front of the building

Evacuation Procedures

• It is the responsibility of every person to immediately exit the building whenever the fire alarm is activated or a fire
emergency exists. Emergency exits are clearly indicated
• All students, faculty, and staff are required to leave the building and remain outside until the emergency is over, and shall
not restrict or impede the evacuation
• Department heads are expected to review annually fire prevention and fire survival information with faculty and staff,
or to schedule such a presentation with the Whitehall Fire Department or other certified fire preparedness organization

Required Fire Safety / Employee Notice

• All employees are required to follow the Emergency Action Plan (EAP) to provide the safest possible response to any emergency
• Staff and Faculty members are required to instruct students and customers on the appropriate evacuation routes assigned to
the room in which their class is held
• Staff and Faculty are required to respond to emergencies based upon the Emergency Action Plan (EAP)
• NO ONE will be asked or required to place himself or herself in harm's way
• If it is dangerous to you — leave!
• Provisions must be made to assist challenged individuals


• Students are expected to comply with all directions given by Faculty and Staff members in order to effect a safe and
orderly evacuation
• Students will be given instruction as to what is expected of them in each class should an emergency occur


• Visitors are expected to comply with the direction given by OSBC personnel in order to effect a safe and orderly evacuation